Government of India National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) Department of Health & Family Welfare
National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) - Government of India

Major Achievements

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• Development of a mounting media (Bhatia media) for the larvae of mosquitoes (1949)

• Preparation of identification keys for larvae and adults of Indian Anophelines (1953)

• The Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre (RFT&RC), Kozhikode was established. A field station of this Centre, Brugia Malayi Research unit is functioning at Cherthala, Alappuzha District, Kerela (1955)

• Preparation of a region-wise identification key for the Indian anophelines (1961)

• Establishment of Field station at Kolar, Mysore state to investigate the epidemiology and control of epidemic plague (1963)

• Establishment of Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre at Rajahmundry (1963)

• Establishment of Regional Filaria Training and Research Centre at Varanasi (1965)

• Establishment of Unit for testing of Small Pox freeze dried vaccine manufactured in the country and imported from abroad under National Smallpox Eradication Programme (1965)

• Preparation of identification key for Indian anophelines (1965)

• Polio Vaccine testing unit started functioning at Division of Microbiology (1968)

• Central survey team was formed under filariology division to determine the transmission of filariasis in non-endemic areas of the country (1970)

• Establishment of unit for testing and quality control of freeze dried BCG vaccine (1972)

• A new culture medium, "NICD medium", developed to diagnose acute case of cholera within 6 hours (1972)

• Field Practice Unit established at Alwar to carry out studies on various communicable diseases (1973)

• Detection, for the first time, of existence of zoonotic reservoir of Cutaneous leishmaniasis in the vicinity of Rajasthan Canal Area (1973)

• First time detection of resistance against Malathion in Anopheles culicifacies, a vector of malaria (1973)

• First time detection of resistance against DDT in Anopheles culicifacies, a vector of Malaria (1973)

• Discovered zoonotic focus of human malaria in Greater Nicobar (1973)

• NICD declared as Central Water laboratory under Prevention and Control of Pollution Act (GOI) (1974)

• Establishment of Plague Surveillance Unit (PSU) at Bangalore to develop expertise in detection and control of plague in man and rodents (1975)

• NICD played a leading role in the "Small Pox Zero" target in the country (1975)

• NICD notified as a national laboratory for insecticide testing by Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (1975)

• Establishment of Kala-azar Unit at Patna (1976)

• Establishment of In-vitro cultivation of Plasmodium falciparum (1978)

• Establishment of field station at Jagdalpur (MP) to intensify research in Malaria (1979)

• Guineaworm Eradication Programme was launched (1983)

• Communicable Diseases Bulletin was started with the purpose of widespread dissemination of information on epidemic prone diseases (1985)

• Cell for monitoring of epidemic prone diseases was established (1985)

• Recognized as WHO Collaboration Centre for Rabies epidemiology for South East Asia Region (1985)

• Establishment of National Reference Centre for AIDS/HIV (1985)

• NICD amongst the first to start Laboratory based training for testing of HIV/ AIDS in India (1986)

• Malaria Research Field Station, Jagdalpur (Madhya Pradesh) was taken over by NICD (1988)

• Initiation of 9 month Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP) with USAID support (1989)

• Preparation of identification keys for adults of Anopheles mosquitoes in India (1990)

• Polio laboratory recognized as Regional Reference Laboratory for Polio for South East Asia Region (1991)

• Division of Biochemistry identified as National Reference Laboratory for monitoring of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (1992)

• First time detection of the mosquito larvicidal properties of indigenous plant, Yucca aloifolia (1994)

• Establishment of the state-of-the-art BSL-2 Plague laboratory (1995)

• Establishment of Division of AIDS incorporating the Reference Centre for AIDS (1995)

• Recognized as WHO Collaborating Centre for Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP) for South -East Asia Region (1995)

• Establishment of the state-of-the-art Biotechnology Laboratory with full fledged facilities for diagnosis (1996)

• Yaws Eradication Programme was launched (1996)

• Certification of Guinea Worm Eradication by WHO (2000)

• Participation in the nationwide multi-centric study on Refinement of H2S-Strip Test for Safe Drinking Water Supply in Rural Areas, sponsored by the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission (Govt. of India) and the UNICEF (2001-2004)

• Molecular diagnosis based on DNA fingerprinting developed for 25 important pathogens of public health importance (2002)

• Confirmation and containment of Plague outbreak in Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal in the shortest possible time (2002 and 2004)

• First time detection of mosquito larvicidal properties of indigenous plant, Carica papaya (2004)

• Over 200 gene sequences of Indian strains of important human pathogens unveiled by NICD, accepted by Global Genome Bank of NCBI, NIH, USA, submitted to gene bank (2004)

• First time detection of the mosquito larvicidal properties of indigenous plant, Ipomoea cairica (2004)

• Establishment of Tissue Culture facility for isolation of Arboviruses (Dengue, JE, CHIKV) (2004)

• Integrated Disease Surveillance Project launched (2004)

• Microbiological evaluation of Solar Disinfection (SODIS) method of drinking water purification (2004-2005)

• MoU signed between NICD and GGSIP University, Delhi for PhD courses. NICD recognized as advanced research centre in the School of Medicine & Paramedical Health Services by GGSIP University (2005)

• First inventory of Museum Specimens published (2005)

• First time detection of JE virus in Culex vishnui mosquitoes from Karnal (Haryana) (2006)

• India formally declared elimination of Yaws on 19th September (2006)

• International patent granted to a potential bio-control agent, Chilodonella uncinata, for mosquito larval control (2006)

• Masters in Public Health (Field Epidemiology) 2 year course started at NICD (2006)

• Nodal laboratory for national Avian Influenza surveillance(2006)

• First time detected JE virus in Culex vishnui mosquitoes from Saharanpur(UP), and Karnal (Haryana) (2007)

• Participation of Central Plague Laboratory in EQAS programme for Plague with National Institute of Communicable Diseases, South Africa (2007)

• National patent filed on the invention of desert cooler which prevents the breeding of Aedes aegypti, vector of Dengue and Chikungunya inside the cooler (2007)

• Proposal for up-gradation of NICD to NCDC was approved (2007)

• First time detected Dengue virus in Aedes aegypti and Ae. Albopictus mosquitoes from Delhi (2008)

• First time detected JE virus in Culex vishnui mosquitoes from Baghpat (UP) (2008)

• Pilot Projects of control of Leptospirosis and Prevention and Control of Human Rabies started under XI Five Year Plan (2008)

• First time identified the soil factors supporting the breeding of Leishmaniasis transmitting sand flies in India (2008)

• Member of National Consortium of Laboratories, testing quality of diagnostic kits for HIV (2008)

• 100 year Celebration. NICD re-designated as NCDC (2009)

• Establishment of Centre for Non-communicable Disease, Centre for Environment and Occupational Health and Division of Climate Change at NCDC (2015)

• India declared Yaws free (2016)

• Notified as National Coordination Centre for AMR Containment (2017)

• Completed National Level TOTs for Medical Officers from 29 states and 4 UTs to roll out Population Level Screening for Non-Communicable Disease (2017)